A boy standing at a water well, with people gathering in the background at the Oure Cassoni refugee camp in Chad
I read in September, last year, that the Eastern Chad refugee camp in Oure Cassoni was going to be moved. I wondered what this meant for the people in the camp: which has been there for 5 years. The aim of the relocation was to move the camp away from the volatile border area with Sudan.
I read in September, last year, that the Eastern Chad refugee camp in Oure Cassoni was going to be moved.
I wondered what this meant for the people in the camp: which has been there for 5 years. The aim of the relocation was to move the camp away from the volatile border area with Sudan.
The camp currently accommodates some 28,000 refugees from Darfur. By this time the camp had been in operation for five years.
-- the refugee camp description - the size - how long it has been there - why was it established - who maintains it now - where did it move to? - what does SOS Children do in it? or in the new one. - what is the conflict in chad and sudan -- - the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and - Justice and Equality Movement (Jem)
began attacking government targets in early 2003, accusing Khartoum of oppressing black Africans in favour of Arabs.
Darfur has faced many years of tension over land and grazing rights between the mostly nomadic Arabs, and farmers from the Darfur, Massaleet and Zaghawa communities.
President Omar al-Bashir has called the Janjaweed "thieves and gangsters".
But refugees say air raids by government aircraft would be followed by attacks from the Janjaweed, who would ride into villages on horses and camels, slaughtering men, raping women and stealing whatever they could find.
The US and some human rights groups have said genocide is taking place - though a UN investigation team in 2005 concluded that war crimes had been committed but there had been no intent to commit genocide.
Trials have been announced in Khartoum of some members of the security forces suspected of abuses - but this is viewed as part of a campaign against attempts to get suspects tried at the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague.
The United Nations says more than 2.7 million people have fled their homes and now live in camps near Darfur's main towns.